This photo, taken on Nov. 29, 2016, shows former President Park Geun-hye stepping down from a podium after a press conference at the presidential office Cheong Wa Dae in Seoul.
Park's dismissal has left most of her signature policy initiatives adrift.
They included schemes to revitalize the sluggish economy; reform the financial, education and labor sectors; build trust with North Korea; lay the groundwork for unification; and promote peace and cooperation in Northeast Asia.
In particular, her botched external policies have drawn much flak.
Four years after her presidency, cross-border relations have fallen to one of their lowest points with Pyongyang having significantly advanced its nuclear and missile capabilities through a series of provocations, including two underground nuke tests last year alone.
Her initiative to restore ties with China, the country's largest trading partner, have also been adrift with Beijing taking a series of retaliatory steps against South Korean businesses for Seoul's decision to host a U.S. missile defense system.
Park had sought to improve relations with Beijing that soured under her predecessor Lee Myung-bak who focused his foreign policy attention to strengthening ties with Washington, the country's treaty security ally.
Seoul's ties with Tokyo have also ebbed due to a series of long-festering historical and territorial issues such as Japan's wartime sexual enslavement of Korean woman and its repeated sovereignty claim to South Korea's easternmost islets of Dokdo.
Park set foot in politics with her victory in a 1998 by-election in Daegu, 302 kilometers south of Seoul, on the coattails of her high-profile father -- late former President Park Chung-hee.
Park's father is credited with laying the foundation for the country's dramatic economic ascent, though he has been heavily criticized for his authoritarian rule. The general-turned-leader led the country for some 18 years after taking power in a 1961 military coup.
Over the course of her political career, Park had built a reputation as a "principled, trustworthy" politician due in large part to her insistence in 2009 to stick to a controversial plan to relocate a number of key government offices to Sejong City.
But such a reputation was later overshadowed by what detractors called her "dogmatic, uncommunicative" leadership style. (Yonhap)