Four more rocket launchers for a U.S. missile defense system were soon to be deployed here Thursday after police removed hundreds of protesters from the site.
Clashes occurred throughout the night as some 400 residents fought off police officers near their community center in Seongju, some 300 kilometers south of Seoul, where the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system has been partially deployed on a military base.
Police dispersed the residents around 5 a.m. but only after dozens of locals and police officers sustained injuries and were taken to nearby hospitals.
"The current administration, like the former Park Geun-hye administration, is committing an illegal act," said a local official. "We cannot accept THAAD under any conditions."
The THAAD equipment was carried by about 10 U.S. military vehicles from Osan Air Base, some 70 kilometers south of Seoul. Police said some 8,000 officers were sent to the area near the deployment site.
Two truck-mounted launchers and a powerful X-band radar are currently in operation at the base. A THAAD battery is known to require at least six rocket launchers, also involving a fire control and communications unit.
President Moon Jae-in ordered the deployment of additional THAAD launchers soon after Pyongyang launched a second intercontinental ballistic missile in late July.
"The government promised to inform us a day before the additional deployment. It is a trick for the police to drive us out of our rally site just a few hours after we received the notification," said a resident who identified himself as a 30-year-old surnamed Lee.
Some protesters wound chains around their necks and locked their bodies onto trucks that blocked the roads to the site.
Others tied ropes around their bodies and formed a line to stop the police from separating them.
Local residents have protested the THAAD deployment for fear that their town may turn into a primary target for North Korean attacks.
They are also concerned that electromagnetic waves emanating from the cutting-edge radar could cause health and environmental problems.
The deployment comes amid heightened tensions on the Korean Peninsula over North Korea's missile and nuclear tests.
On Sunday, North Korea carried out its sixth and most powerful nuclear test in further defiance against international pressure over its nuclear and missile programs.
China and Russia have strenuously opposed the THAAD deployment, viewing it as aimed at bolstering Washington's military presence in the region and undermining their security interests. Seoul and Washington have claimed it is only for self-defense against the North.
In Beijing, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang expressed grave concerns over the planned additional installation as he urged South Korea and the U.S. to withdraw the THAAD system.